Home GNU Make Manual www.imodulo.com · 2003-04-05

Pattern Rules

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Defining and Redefining Pattern Rules

You define an implicit rule by writing a pattern rule. A pattern rule looks like an ordinary rule, except that its target contains the character % (exactly one of them). The target is considered a pattern for matching file names; the % can match any nonempty substring, while other characters match only themselves. The prerequisites likewise use % to show how their names relate to the target name.

Thus, a pattern rule %.o : %.c says how to make any file stem.o from another file stem.c.

Note that expansion using % in pattern rules occurs after any variable or function expansions, which take place when the makefile is read. How to Use Variables, and Functions for Transforming Text.